RARE ANTIQUE CARVED WOOD E. Ingraham & Company (like GILBERT) CLOCK ~ WOOD MANTEL ~ MANTLE TIMEPIECE ~ VICTORIAN
Condition: Very Good Looking and Working
ANTIQUE CARVED WOOD E. Ingraham & Company (like GILBERT) CLOCK
About E. Ingraham & Company clock
E. Ingraham & Company was formed in 1860, succeeding several earlier clock-manufacturing firms in which casemaker Elias Ingraham had been involved, notably Brewster & Ingrahams (1843-1852), E. & A. Ingrahams (1852-1856) and Elias Ingraham & Company (1857-1860). The firm originally rented, and later purchased, a shop on Birge’s Pond in Bristol, which had been used by a number of clockmaking firms since 1820.
Having originally purchased their movements from various sources, in 1865 the firm decided to establish their own movement making facility. A hardware shop was moved onto a piece of land owned by the firm and veteran clockmaker Anson L. Atwood set up and managed the movement department for Ingraham for some years.
Elias Ingraham (1805-1885) designed a variety of popular cases and case features for the firm, receiving 17 patents between 1857 and 1873. Many of his cases utilized an unusual figure “8” door design for which he had received a patent in 1857. Rosewood veneered case models with names such as “Doric”, “Venetian”, and “Ionic” were often made in several sizes and held their popularity with the public for many years.
Elias Ingraham’s son Edward Ingraham (1830-1892) succeeded his father as head of the business in 1885. Edward had also received an important patent in 1884 for a method of applying black enamel paint (Japan) to wooden clock cases. Using this method to produce cheaper imitations of French marble mantel clocks was a great success. Though the process was soon imitated by most other clock manufacturers, the Ingraham firm became a leading maker of “black mantel” clocks, introducing 221 models plus special order styles in the following three decades.
In 1887, the firm had its first great expansion with the erection of a 300-foot long, 4 story case shop. A new office building and movement shop was built between 1902 and 1904. In 1913, they began to manufacture a nonxjeweled pocket watch and added wrist watch models to the line in 1932, producing more than 65 million pockets watches and 15 million wrist watches by the time this production ceased in the midx 1960’s.
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RARE ANTIQUE CARVED WOOD E. Ingraham & Co like French Marble Wood Mantel Clock
Elias Ingraham founded his first clock company in 1844 and won 17 clock patents between 1853 and 1973. The name of the company actually changed six times, which provides important information for collectors seeking to date an antique E. Ingraham clock, as the company name and is located on a plate underneath the clock movement on all Ingraham clocks. In addition, Ingraham clocks were often distinctively styled.
Look for the name of the company on the front plate, which can be viewed by removing the clock movement. The company changed names several times as Elias and his brother Andrew first joined a partnership with Elisha Curtis Brewster, which led to the establishment of the Brewster & Ingrahams Company in 1844. This changed to E. & A. Ingrahams Company in 1852, Elias Ingraham and Company in 1857, E. Ingraham & Company in 1861, The E. Ingraham & Company in 1881 and The E. Ingraham Company in 1885. Matching the precise company name as stamped on the front plate to the dates of a specific company name will help correctly identify the date of the clock.
Find two numbers stamped on the front clock movement plate. The dates indicate the month and year the clock was manufactured. For instance a “12 29” would indicate that the clock was made in December 1929.
Look for gothic-style clocks with either rounded or pointed tops and sharp steeples on either side of the clock face. These steeples were often adorned with columns and/or rippled molding. These clocks were particularly indicative of the Brewster & Ingrahams clocks (the first company name) and can generally be classified as manufactured between 1844 and 1852.
A banjo clock is another distinctive Ingraham style. Banjo-style clocks resemble the musicalinstrument with a circular face and a long neck that ends in a square base. Banjo clocks were popular between the 1840s and 1860s.
Ionic-style clocks were elaborate in design and decorated with mother-of-pearl, rosewood veneer and gilt columns. The Ingraham Ionic clocks were made for both a shelf and walls and were made from 1862 until 1924.
Double-dial wall and shelf clocks that display the month, day of the week and the time of day were made by The E. Ingraham Company starting in 1885. These clocks were made by The E. Ingraham Company, which was run by Elias’s son Edward, between 1885 and 1924.
Mantel clocks with Chinese themes, including carved dragon’s feet, were made by The E. Ingraham Company near the end of the 19th century. Other popular Ingraham clocks made during this time included patriotic themes.
Clocks with a black, shiny finish that is marble-like in appearance were a very popular Ingraham design between 1885 and the early 1920s.
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